Rio Grande Valley Trees

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One of the many benefits of building your home with Esperanza Homes is that we understand the importance of landscaping. Not only does it add significant value to your property, we want our homeowners to come home to a beautifully landscaped yard to go with their beautifully built home. We’ve compiled a list of trees that are common in our landscaping plan to help you prepare and have a better understanding of what to expect in your new Esperanza Home.

Trees

The Rio Grande valley is home to some rare and beautiful trees.  In fact, for some trees, like the Montezuma cypress, the Rio Grande Valley is the only place that this tree can be spotted.

The Valley uses plants that are essentially drought-tolerant, requiring little or no watering, and yet create a cool shady space, a colorful garden, and an ideal habitat for birds.

 

Fiddlewood

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: white

Blooming Period: spring/summer

Fruit Characteristics: shiny orange or yellow drupe (aging to black)

Height: to 18 feet

Width: to 15 feet

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

Mexican Olive Tree

Plant Habit or Use: shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: trumpet-shaped white with yellow throats

Blooming Period: spring summer

Fruit Characteristics: white to pale yellow drupe, turning yellow-brown

Height: to 25 ft.

Width: to 25 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

Mexican Orchard Tree

Category: Shrubs/Trees/Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Exposure:Full Sun/Sun to Partial Shade

Flower Color:White/Near White

Blooming Period:Mid Summer

Height:10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)/12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Bloom Characteristics:This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs: Water regularly; do not overwater

Foliage Color: Blue-Green

 

MEXICAN POINCIANA

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: gold racemes, 3 to 6 in.

Blooming Period: summer fall

Fruit Characteristics: pod, 3 to 6 in. long. Pods and seeds are reported to be poisonous.

Height: to 30 ft., usually smaller

Width: to 15 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: neutral

 

ROBELLINI PALM

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: white to creamy white, 7 to 8 ft. stalks

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: black berry-like fruit

Height: to 50 ft.

Width: to 15 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

TEXAS PERSIMMON

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: green to white-green, interesting on close inspection, resemble small urns

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: on female trees only, 1" diameter black berries (persimmons)

Height: 15' to 20'

Width: 15' to 20'

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

Anaqua Sandpaper

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub medium tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: white

Blooming Period: spring summer

Fruit Characteristics: orange drupes

Height: to 50 ft.

Width: to 45 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: alkaline adaptable

 

CEDAR ELM

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: red-brown to red-green

Blooming Period: summer fall

Fruit Characteristics: winged samara in autumn

Height: to 90 ft.

Width: to 80 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: alkaline adaptable

 

 Ebony

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: cream or yellow spikes

Blooming Period: summer

Fruit Characteristics: curved pod 4-6 in. long

Height: to 50 ft.

Width: to 40 ft.

Plant Character: semievergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

 

Honey Mesquite

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree medium tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: peak in mid- to late spring, sproradically therafter, creamy white, 3" to 5" long drooping catkins, fragrant, but often a source of allergins.

Blooming Period: spring summer fall

Fruit Characteristics: pod resembling a waxbean, tan flushed red, rarely red

Height: to 30 ft.

Width: to 40 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

Hong Kong Orchid

Plant Habit or Use: Trees Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Exposure: Full Sun/Sun to Partial Shade/Light Shade

Flower Color:Pale Pink/Magenta (Pink-Purple)/White/Near White

Blooming Period: Mid Spring/Late Spring/Early Summer/Mid Summer

Height:30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

 

Huisache

Plant Habit or Use: large shrub small tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: golden yellow

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: pod, rounded cylinder less than 3" long, does not shatter on ripening.

Height: to 30 ft.

Width: to 40 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen semievergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

Soil Requirements: alkaline adaptable

 

 

Jacaranda

Plant Habit or Use: Flowering Tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color:  blue/purple

Blooming Period:  June to July

Height: 25-50 ft

Width: 15-30 ft

Heat Tolerance:  drought tolerant, but should be watered during dry periods.

Water Requirements: Moderate Water

 

Live Oak

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: yellow catkins, 1-3 in. long

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: acorns, 1 in. long

Height: 40 to 50 ft.

Width: 80 to 100 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen semievergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

Monterry Oak

Plant Habit or Use: tree

Exposure: full sun

Folliage: Evergreen

Blooming Period: mid spring

Fruit Characteristics: acorns

Height: 40 to 50 ft.

Plant Character: evergreen semievergreen

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: drought tolerant, average water

 

Montezuma Cypress

Plant Habit or Use:Tree, medium tree, large tree

Exposure:sun, partial sun

Flower Color:None, cone bearing.

Blooming Period:Spring

Fruit Characteristics:Small globose cones that fall apart at maturity.

Height:50 ft or so in Texas, taller in Mexico.

Width:20 ft to 30 ft, more in Mexico.

 

Sugar Hackberry

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree large tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: greenish, inconspicuous

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: small 1/4" blue-black drupe with a hard nut-like seed inside; favorite of birds

Height: to 60'

Width: to 65 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable

 

Tepeguaje

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree

Exposure: sun

Flower Color: white

Blooming Period: spring summer

Fruit Characteristics: pod with narrow, flattened seeds

Height: to 55 ft.

Width: to 40 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: medium

Soil Requirements: alkaline

 

Texas Ash

Plant Habit or Use: medium tree

Exposure: sun partial sun

Flower Color: green or purple

Blooming Period: spring

Fruit Characteristics: small woody winged samara in 6" to 8" long panicles

Height: to 50 ft.

Width: to 40 ft.

Plant Character: deciduous

Heat Tolerance: very high high

Water Requirements: medium low

Soil Requirements: adaptable